A STEEP PRICE FOR MEDICARE recommended by Paul Ferraresi

Planning may help high income seniors avoid paying up to four times the going rate for Part B and Part D coverage.

In 2017, the standard premium for Medicare Part B is $134 a month. Most enrollees pay for Part B via reductions in their Social Security benefits, and the overall average monthly fee is $109.

Yet some senior pay almost quadruple that much – $428.60 a month ($957.20 for married couples) – for the exact same medical insurance.

Seniors who pay more for Part B also pay Medicare as much as $76 per month extra for prescription drug coverage, known as Part D.

This is the IRMAA – the income related monthly adjustment amount. If people are on Medicare, and their tax return shows high income, Medicare adds the IRMAA amount to their monthly premium.

Modified adjusted gross income over $85,000 ($170,000 on joint returns) brings IRMAA into play, with amounts increasing as MAGI hits certain thresholds. (Here, MAGI includes tax-exempt interest income.)

THE TWO-YEAR LAG

The Medicare trustees’ 2016 report projects that Part B monthly premiums, which have risen from a maximum of $161.40 in 2007 to $428.60 today, will continue to climb, reaching as much as $564 in 2025. Thus, Medicare Part B is likely to become more of a financial planning issue.

One key is to realize that there is a two-year lag between the income observed by Medicare and the resulting payments. Money that flows into a Medicare enrollee’s pocket in 2017 will be reported on a tax return filed in 2018, which determines Part B premiums due in 2019.

When seniors retire, they may pay the higher premium for two more years until that income history drops off their records. In order to reduce Part B premiums sooner than two years, you should appeal your higher IRMAA premium immediately upon retirement, if your income has dropped dramatically. One of the things that could qualify Medicare recipients for an IRMAA reduction is that they have stopped working.

You will qualify for the appeal under the life-changing event of ‘work stoppage.’ You can call Social Security or visit in person to present evidence of retirement to have your Medicare premiums recalculated.

Third Quarter Review – Weekly Update October 9, 2017 Recommended by Paul Ferraresi

Designing Your Own Financial Plan by Paul Ferraresi

Some people feel compelled to draft their own lifetime financial plan rather than using a professional planner.

I found a link that will walk you through some of the steps that should be considered in your planning.

This is a great tool for the “Do-It-Yourself” planners. Good luck!

http://www.aarp.org/retirement/retirement-savings/info-2017/decision-tree-a-secure-retirement-essential.html

FINANCIAL EDUCATION FOR YOUNG ADULTS by Paul Ferraresi

This is a great online program to help young adults master the basics of finance.

CashCourse (www.cashcourse.org) is a free online resource that helps young people to track spending, create budgets and, most importantly, understand how their current decisions will affect their future financial well-being.

In addition to a Budget Wizard, calculators, worksheets and the Financial Experts Wall, where students can get answers to their real-world financial questions, CashCourse has articles on everything from repaying student loans and living with roommates to choosing a career and making sense of workplace benefits.

About CashCourse

Launched in 2007 by the National Endowment for Financial Education® (NEFE®), CashCourse is non profit and non commercial – the program never charges for resources. The sole purpose of CashCourse is to give young adults the information they need to make informed, thoughtful and beneficial financial decisions aligned with their values.

CashCourse is used in more than 1,000 schools – including small private colleges, large public universities, and both two-year and four-year programs – in all 50 states. About 40 percent of CashCourse schools are community colleges.

Many schools use CashCourse in freshman orientation sessions to help new students think about how they will manage their money during their college years.

HOW TO MAKE YOUR TEEN A MILLIONAIRE Recommended by Paul Ferraresi

Washington – How To Make Your Teen A Millionaire This Summer

Published on July 31, 2017 04:29 PM; http://www.vosizneias.com

Washington – Gary Sidder set up Roth IRAs for his sons when they turned 13. Each year, the Littleton, Colorado, certified financial planner and his wife, Francie Steinzeig, a school psychologist, contributed an amount equal to whatever the two boys earned cutting lawns, shoveling snow and doing odd jobs. As the sons’ earnings increased, so did the parental contributions.

“Initially we started with $400, and now we do $5,500 for each,” the annual maximum allowable contribution, says Sidder, whose sons are 32 and 27. “Now that their accounts are worth more than $100,000 and $65,000, respectively, they do see the value of saving and starting early.”

Even if no further contributions are made, both sons could see their accounts top $1 million by retirement age, assuming conservative 7 percent average annual returns.

Financial planners know that Roth IRAs can set kids up for sound financial futures. Since children have decades ahead for money to compound, even relatively small contributions can grow large. The catches:

The kids must have earned income from real work. That includes reasonable wages or income from self-employment. The Roth contribution can’t be more than their total earnings for the year, up to $5,500.

Kids under 18 need a custodial Roth. Not all brokerages have attractive options for small accounts. Fidelity and Schwab, however, offer custodial retirement accounts with no opening or maintenance fees. Fidelity has no minimum, while Schwab requires at least $100 to open the account, and both offer commission-free trades on certain mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.

Why a Roth rather than a traditional IRA? Low-wage workers pay little if any income tax, so they don’t get much value from tax deductions, including deductible contributions to a traditional IRA. When a big upfront tax break isn’t available, it makes sense to contribute instead to a Roth. Contributions aren’t deductible, but withdrawals in retirement are tax-free.

Another important note: Retirement accounts aren’t included in federal financial aid formulas, so a child’s Roth won’t affect financial aid offers from most schools. Some private schools, however, do consider custodial Roths when calculating their offers, says college financing expert Lynn O’Shaughnessy, author of “The College Solution.” Also, withdrawals from Roths during college years would be considered income to the child and count heavily against her, O’Shaughnessy says.

HOW ROTH IRAS WORK
The ability to contribute to a Roth starts to phase out above certain modified adjusted gross income levels. For 2017, the phase-out begins at $118,000 for singles and $186,000 for married couples filing jointly.

That’s not an issue most kids have to worry about. Let’s say your daughter works 30 hours a week for the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour this summer and earns about $2,600 over 12 weeks.

Obviously, she won’t net $2,600 from her job. She’ll lose 7.65% to payroll taxes and want to spend some of the money she earns. But you can contribute $2,600 for her, or offer matching funds for whatever she contributes. If she continues those $2,600 contributions for the next 50 years, her Roth can grow to $1 million, assuming 7 percent average annual returns.

That far in the future, $1 million will be worth the equivalent of about $230,000 today, assuming 2.9 percent inflation. Once she’s in the working world full time, encourage her to contribute at least 15 percent of her income toward her retirement and keep doing so throughout her career.

You can talk about that with her as you’re setting up her Roth. Together you should also:

—Review her investment options. Fees can devastate small accounts and dramatically lower the amount she can accumulate over decades, so low-cost index funds or exchange-traded funds might be a good choice.

—Discuss the temptations for tapping the money. Technically, she can withdraw an amount equal to the contributions at any time without paying taxes or penalties. She also can withdraw up to $10,000 for a first-time home purchase, or money to pay college expenses, without taxes and penalties after the account has been open five years.

—Underline the payoff for leaving the money alone to grow. The best use of retirement money is for retirement, and it can grow to seven figures only if she keeps her mitts off it.

“Parents could use this to teach a valuable lesson in delaying gratification and building investments over time,” says John Gugle, a certified financial planner in Charlotte, North Carolina. “This is a marathon, not a sprint.”